Knights of the Mashing Fork

Sugar and Acid Content in Fruit

The following chart comes from The Curious Cook by Harold McGee. The data comes from a chapter on how to make fruit ices, but I think that the information could be of interest to zymologists of all persuasions, although it may be more appropriate for those looking for balance in sugar and acid content for mead or wine making.

Richard Webb (rbw1271@appenine.ca.boeing.com)
4/25/94

Fruit   Sugar Content       Acid Content
        %of fresh weight    %of fresh weight
 
Lime             1%             5.0%
Avocado          1              0.2
Lemon            2              5.0
Tomato           3              0.5
Cranberry        4              3.0
Red Currant      6              1.8
Grapefruit       6              2.0
Guava            7              0.4
Cantaloupe       7              0.2
Strawberry       7              1.6
Raspberry        7              1.6
Blackberry       8              1.5
Papaya           8              0.1
Apricot          9              1.7
Watermelon       9              0.2
Peach            9              0.4
Black Currant   10              3.2
Pear            10              0.1
Honeydew        10              0.2
Orange          11              1.2
Plum            11              0.6
Blueberry       11              0.3
Gooseberry      11              1.8
Passion Fruit   11              3.0
Prickly Pear    11              0.1
Mango           11              0.5
Pineapple       13              1.1
Pomegranate     13              1.2
Apple           13              0.8
Cherry          14              0.5
Kiwi            14              3.0
Persimmon       14              0.2
Fig             15              0.4
Grape           16              0.2
Banana          17              0.3
Litchi          17              0.3

Sugar Content of Selected Fruit and Fruit Juices, 100 Grams

[Asterisk = no data for sugar known to be present; dash = no data for sugar that may be present;
[0.0] = no data for sugar thought not to be present; brackets around Total = calculated value]

Fruit % Moisture grams Galactose grams Glucose grams Fructose grams Lactose grams Sucrose grams Maltose grams Other grams Total
Apples, raw, unpeeled
83.9
[0.0]
2.3
7.6
[0.0]
3.3
0.1
-
[13.3]
Apple juice, unsweetened
87.9
[0.0]
2.5
5.6
[0.0]
1.2
-
-
10.9
Apricots, raw
86.4
[0.0]
1.6
0.7
[0.0]
5.2
1.0
-
9.3
Apricots, dried
31.1
[0.0]
20.3
12.2
[0.0]
6.4
-
-
38.9
Advocados, raw
72.6
[0.0]
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.1
-
[0.9]
Bananas, raw
74.3
[0.0]
4.2
2.7
[0.0]
6.5
0.0
0.1
15.6
Blackberries, raw
85.6
[0.0]
3.1
4.1
[0.0]
0.4
0.5
-
7.9
Blueberries, raw
84.6
[0.0]
3.5
3.6
[0.0]
0.2
-
-
[7.3]
Cantaloup, raw
89.8
[0.0]
1.2
1.8
[0.0]
5.4
0.0
0.3
[8.7]
Carambola, raw
90.9
[0.0]
3.1
3.2
[0.0]
0.8
-
-
[7.1]
Cherries, raw, Sour
86.1
[0.0]
4.3
3.3
[0.0]
0.5
0.0
-
[8.1]
Cherries, raw, Sweet
80.8
[0.0]
8.1
6.2
[0.0]
0.2
0.1
-
[14.6]
Cranberry juice cocktail
85.0
*
*
6.2
[0.0]
*
-
-
13.5
Currants, raw
82.0
[0.0]
3.3
3.7
[0.0]
1.0
0.0
-
[8.0]
Dates, dried
22.5
[0.0]
*
*
[0.0]
44.6
-
-
[64.2]
Figs, raw
79.1
*
3.7
2.8
[0.0]
0.4
-
*
[6.9]
Figs, dried
28.4
4.1
28.6
26.0
[0.0]
6.5
-
1.3
[66.5]
Fruit cocktail, packed in juice
87.4
-
6.0
6.0
[0.0]
3.3
-
-
[15.3]
Grapefruit, raw
90.4
[0.0]
1.3
1.2
[0.0]
3.4
-
-
[6.2]
Grapefruit juice, fresh
90.0
[0.0]
2.7
1.8
[0.0]
1.8
-
-
[6.3]
Grapefruit juice, canned
90.1
[0.0]
*
*
[0.0]
*
-
-
7.5
Grapes, raw, American
81.3
-
6.6
6.9
[0.0]
1.4
1.5
*
[16.4]
Grapes, raw, European
80.6
0.4
6.5
7.6
[0.0]
0.4
3.1
0.1
[18.1]
Grape juice, frozen concentrate reconstituted
86.9
-
[3.6]
[4.4]
[0.0]
*
-
*
14.2
Guava, raw
86.1
[0.0]
1.2
1.9
[0.0]
1.0
*
-
6.0
Jackfruit, raw
73.2
[0.0]
1.4
1.4
[0.0]
5.4
-
-
18.4
Kiwifruit, raw, without skin
83.0
[0.0]
5.0
4.4
[0.0]
1.1
-
-
[10.5]
Kiwifruit, canned, in syrup
*
[0.0]
4.2
5.8
[0.0]
2.8
-
-
[12.8]
Lemons, raw, peeled
89.0
[0.0]
1.0
0.9
[0.0]
0.6
-
-
2.5
Lemon juice, raw
90.7
[0.0]
1.0
1.1
[0.0]
0.3
-
-
[2.4]
Limes, raw, peeled
88.3
[0.0]
0.2
0.2
[0.0]
0.0
0.0
-
0.4
Mangos, raw
81.7
[0.0]
0.7
2.9
[0.0]
9.9
0.0
-
14.8
Nectarines, raw
86.3
[0.0]
1.2
1.1
[0.0]
6.2
-
-
[8.5]
Oranges, raw, peeled
86.8
[0.0]
2.2
2.5
[0.0]
4.2
0.3
-
8.9
Orange Juice, fresh
88.3
[0.0]
2.8
3.0
[0.0]
4.1
-
-
10.2
Orange juice, frozen concentrate reconstituted
88.1
[0.0]
5.3
4.6
[0.0]
0.7
-
-
10.6
Papaya, raw
88.8
[0.0]
1.4
2.7
[0.0]
1.8
0.0
*
[5.9]
Passion fruit, raw
72.9
[0.0]
4.0
3.1
[0.0]
3.3
-
-
11.2
Peaches, raw
87.2
[0.0]
1.1
1.3
[0.0]
5.6
0.7
-
[8.7]
Peaches, canned in juice
87.5
[0.0]
6.5
5.9
[0.0]
3.6
1.4
-
[17.4]
Peaches, dried
31.8
[0.0]
15.8
15.6
[0.0]
13.3
-
-
[44.6]
Pears, table, raw
83.8
[0.0]
1.9
6.4
[0.0]
1.8
0.4
-
[10.5]
Pears, canned in water
91.8
[0.0]
1.9
3.9
[0.0]
0.3
-
-
6.1
Pears, canned in juice
86.5
[0.0]
3.3
5.8
[0.0]
0.6
-
-
9.7
Pears, canned in light syrup
84.5
[0.0]
4.8
5.1
[0.0]
1.1
1.1
-
12.1
Pears, canned in heavy syrup
80.4
[0.0]
6.1
5.9
[0.0]
1.4
1.9
-
15.2
Pear juice, fresh
84.0
[0.0]
1.6
7.1
[0.0]
*
-
-
[8.7]
Pineapple, raw
86.5
[0.0]
2.9
2.1
[0.0]
3.1
0.0
-
11.9
Pineapple, canned in juice
83.5
[0.0]
7.7
6.5
[0.0]
0.0
-
-
[14.2]
Pineapple, canned in heavy syrup
79.0
[0.0]
7.5
7.2
[0.0]
2.2
-
-
[16.9]
Pineapple juice, canned
85.5
[0.0]
*
*
[0.0]
*
-
-
12.5
Plums, common, raw
85.2
[0.0]
2.7
1.8
[0.0]
3.0
0.0
-
[7.5]
Plums, common, dried
78.7
[0.0]
3.1
3.3
[0.0]
5.0
0.3
*
[11.7]
Pomegranates, raw
81.0
[0.0]
5.0
4.7
[0.0]
0.4
0.0
-
8.9
Prunes, dried
32.4
[0.0]
28.7
14.8
[0.0]
0.5
-
-
[44.0]
Prune juice, bottled
81.2
[0.0]
5.5
7.9
[0.0]
-
-
-
[13.4]
Raisins
15.4
[0.0]
31.2
33.8
[0.0]
0.0
-
-
[65.0]
Raspberries, red, raw
86.6
[0.0]
3.5
3.2
[0.0]
2.8
-
-
[9.5]
Rhubarb, raw
93.6
[0.0]
0.4
0.4
[0.0]
0.1
*
*
[0.9]
Strawberries, raw
91.6
[0.0]
2.2
2.5
[0.0]
1.0
0.1
-
[5.7]
Strawberries, frozen, unsweetened
90.0
[0.0]
3.0
3.0
[0.0]
0.5
-
-
[6.5]
Tangelos, raw
87.6
[0.0]
3.7
-
[0.0]
3.7
-
-
[7.4]
Watermelon, raw
91.5
[0.0]
1.6
3.3
[0.0]
3.6
0.5
0.0
[9.0]
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